Groundwater Prohibition Area
Groundwater in this area is contaminated and the EPA established a groundwater prohibition area on 9 January 2018. A maximum fine of $8,000 may be issued if groundwater is extracted from the 1st (0–8 m below ground level), 2nd (0–15 m) and 3rd (0–26 m) Quaternary aquifers in certain parts of this area (please see map below). Deeper uncontaminated aquifers are exempt from this prohibition. Please visit Engage EPA for further information.
The EPA has been assessing soil vapour in South-Eastern Edwardstown for historically used chemicals including trichloroethene (TCE), since 2015.
Seasonal sampling undertaken in June 2020 has been used to update a computer model, predicting whether TCE could enter residential indoor air. Concentrations of TCE and soil moisture conditions reported in June 2020 were comparable to previous stages of assessment.
The EPA confirms that no properties in the assessment area are at risk of contaminated vapour entering indoor air at ground level or above. The EPA is now repeating a basement survey, previously undertaken in 2015, to ensure that residents with basements are also safe from the potential for vapour intrusion.
Copies of all reports are available below.
TCE is an industrial chemical used widely as a metal cleaner and degreaser. In the past, TCE was used in many applications including electroplating, cleaning metal, dry cleaning, decaffeination of coffee and as an anaesthetic used in hospitals.
The purpose of this assessment program is to understand the nature and extent of groundwater and soil vapour contamination as a result of former industrial activities at two properties on Arabrie and Erudina Avenues, Edwardstown. These works have and continue to be managed by the EPA.
The soil vapour testing assists in understanding whether any contamination is moving through the soil in vapour form. Preliminary data found trichloroethene (TCE) and tetrachloroethene (PCE) in groundwater and soil vapour at several locations within the assessment area.
The human health risk assessment from 30 June 2016 found that all properties in the assessment area are considered to be safe, with predicted concentrations below 2 µg/m3 of TCE for indoor air.
In Janunary 2017, the EPA undertook a 4th stage of work in the area. An additional 10 groundwater bores and 14 soil vapour bores were installed to delineate the lateral extent of TCE contamination. Sampling activities were carried out at new and existing locations to monitor the soil vapour for seasonal variation.
It has identified 3 potential source sites in the eastern part of the assessment area. The previous report, completed in May 2017, did not predict any vapour intrusion risks to residential properties and this remains unchanged and is consistent with all previous work.
The human health risk has been updated and all properties are considered to be safe from soil vapour intrusion, with predicted indoor air concentrations of TCE below 2 μg/m3. The EPA is now repeating a basement survey, previously undertaken in 2015, to ensure that residents with basements are also safe from the potential for vapour intrusion.
- Assessment area map, 18 August 2020
- Groundwater prohibition area
- Soil vapour sampling locations, June 2020
- Temporary bore locations, June 2017
- Groundwater sampling locations, summer 2017
- Soil vapour sampling locations, summer 2017
- Soil vapour and groundwater sampling bore locations, June 2016
- Original assessment area map
- 11 July 2020, Soil vapour monitoring and updated health assessment
- 9 January 2018, Edwardstown GPA, Government Gazette, pg 18
- December 2017 | Determination report | Report | Appendix A-F | Appendix G-H | Appendix I | Appendix J-L | Appendix M-P | Appendix Q-T
- September 2017 | Report
- May 2017 | Report | Appendix A.1 (Maps) | Appendix A.2 (Maps) | Appendix B–E (tables etc) | Appendix F–H | Appendix I–L | Appendix M–T
- June 2016 | Maps | Report & App A&B | App C to G | App H to L | App M to T
- March 2016 | Report | Appendices A–H | Appendix I | Appendices J–U
- July 2015 | Report | Appendices A–F | Appendices G–L | Appendices M–S
South-Eastern Edwardstown Community Working Group (CWG)
The EPA established a community working group in November 2015 in South-Eastern Edwardstown. Meetings were held from 2015 to August 2016 for information sharing while the intial soil vapour assessment was underway. Meetings ceased when all indoor air levels measured and predicted fell into the ‘safe’ category of the indoor air level response range (TCE).
- Presentation, 30 August 2016
- Presentation, 12 July 2016
- Meeting notes, 10 May 2016
- Presentation, 10 May 2016
- Meeting notes, 16 March 2016
- Presentation, 16 March 2016
- Meeting notes, 23 February 2016
- Presentation, 23 February 2016
- Presentation, 15 December 2015
- Presentation, 24 November 2015
- Terms of reference
For all enquiries, please contact the EPA on (08) 8124 4216 or email.